In absence of federal legislation, several states have enacted to provide pay for new parents. California was the first with a paid family leave insurance. Connecticut, DC, Hawaii, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington passed similar laws. New York will follow in 2018 with paid leave up to 8 weeks.
U.S. workers have the right to take12 weeks of under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), but that isn't paid. And the FMLA only applies to employees who have worked at least 12 months at a company with at least 50 employees. A study released after the FMLA went into effect estimated that just one-fifth of new mothers qualified.
The Affordable Care Act requires employers to provide reasonable breaks to an employee to express breast milk for her nursing child for one year after the child was born. Employers are also required to provide a place, other than a bathroom, that is shielded from view and free from intrusion from co-workers and public, which may be used by an employee to express breast milk.
See more at FLSA section 7 Affordable Care Act.
The United States is the only Western country - and one of only three in the world - that does not provide cash benefits to women during maternity leave, a new U.N. study reports. The other countries are Oman and Papua New Guinea, the rest of the 182 surveyed countries provide paid leave.
Discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth or related medical conditions is unlawful sex discrimination according to the Pregnancy Discrimination Act. The ruling covers workers of employers with 15 or more employees, including federal, state and local governments. As well to labor organizations and employment agencies.